Vínculos familiares e inclusión social. Variables predictoras de la conducta prosocial en la infancia


DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.34.2.308151
Palabras clave: conducta prosocial, vínculos paternos, afrontamiento, agresividad, inestabilidad emocional, relaciones con los pares.


Los objetivos de esta investigación son analizar las relaciones de la conducta prosocial con variables del entorno familiar (apego y abandono del padre y de la madre), variables personales (inestabilidad emocional, agresividad y afrontamiento ante situaciones estresantes) y variables del entorno social próximo (aceptación y rechazo por los pares); además, estudiar las variables predictoras de la conducta prosocial. La conducta prosocial constituye un factor de protección personal que fomenta relaciones positivas entre los pares y promueve comportamientos de adaptación personal y social (Mikolajewski, Chavarria, Moltisanti, Hart y Taylor, 2014). Han participado 1447 niños/as (50.4% varones y 49.6% mujeres). Tienen entre 7 y 12 años (M=9.27 y SD= 1.36). Los resultados comprueban las relaciones positivas de la conducta prosocial con apego (padre y madre), afrontamiento funcional y aceptación por los pares. Asimismo, muestran las relaciones negativas de la conducta prosocial con abandono (padre y madre), inestabilidad emocional, agresividad, afrontamiento disfuncional y rechazo por los pares. Las variables predictoras de la conducta prosocial son, en positivo, apego de la madre, afrontamiento funcional y expectativas de aceptación por los pares; y, en negativo, son inestabilidad emocional, agresividad física y verbal, y expectativas de rechazo por los pares. Se discuten las implicaciones educativas.


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Biografía del autor/a

Ana M. Tur-Porcar, Universidad de Valencia

Profesora Titular del Departamento de Psicología Básica. Universidad de Valencia

Anna Doménech, Universidad de Valencia

Departamento de Psicología Básica. Facultad de Psicología

Vicenta Mestre, Universidad de Valencia

Catedrática de Psicología. Departamento de Psicología básica. Facultad de Psicología .


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Cómo citar
Tur-Porcar, A. M., Doménech, A., & Mestre, V. (2018). Vínculos familiares e inclusión social. Variables predictoras de la conducta prosocial en la infancia. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 34(2), 340–348. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.34.2.308151
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