Reformulación Visual Positiva: Un ensayo controlado aleatorizado utilizando imágenes visuales para disminuir la intensidad de experiencias negativas y regular emociones en adultos sanos


Palabras clave: Imágenes dibujadas, reformulación, recuerdos negativos, regulación emocional.


Se exploran los resultados de la reformulación visual positiva (RVP), una intervención en la que imágenes de memorias abiertas y experiencias negativas son reformuladas visualmente para formar nuevas narrativas positivas. El estudio plantea la hipótesis de que la RVP conduciría a mejoras en el afecto positivo y negativo, autoeficacia e intensidad y resolución percibidas de experiencias negativas. 62 adultos sanos fueron aleatorizados a condiciones de RVP o control. Se hallaron mejoras para el grupo experimental en niveles de afecto positivo, así como intensidad percibida y resolución de la experiencia negativa inmediatamente después de completar la actividad de RVP. Estos hallazgos ponen de relieve el potencial de la RVP para mejorar la regulación emocional cuando se activan emociones negativas.

A las dos semanas se identificaron mejoras en ambas condiciones. Esto sugiere que, con el tiempo, la exposición viso-sensorial creada al extraer un recuerdo negativo también puede conducir a mejoría.

El estudio hace hincapié en el potencial de la RVP para regular emociones y difuminar la intensidad de un recuerdo abierto mediante la transformación visual de un momento de máxima intensidad perceptual. Se recomiendan estudios que exploren la efectividad de la RVP para cambiar percepciones negativas en poblaciones clínicas y no clínicas.


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Biografía del autor/a

Julia C. Ruppert, Collective Arts

Collective Arts, Transformation and wellbeing

Francisco Jose Eiroa-Orosa, Universidad de Barcelona

Marie Skłodowska-Curie Researcher

Section of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology

Faculty of Psychology

University of Barcelona



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Cómo citar
Ruppert, J. C., & Eiroa-Orosa, F. J. (2018). Reformulación Visual Positiva: Un ensayo controlado aleatorizado utilizando imágenes visuales para disminuir la intensidad de experiencias negativas y regular emociones en adultos sanos. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 34(2), 368–377.
Psicología básica