Evaluation of psychological capital in Spanish workers: design and empirical structure of the OREA questionnaire

  • Mariano Meseguer-de Pedro Departamento de Psiquiatría y Psicología Social. Facultades de Ciencias del Trabajo y Psicología. Universidad de Murcia. Campus de Espinardo, 30100, Murcia, España
  • Maria Isabel Soler-Sánchez Universidad de Murcia
  • María-Magdalena Fernández-Valera Universidad de Murcia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8083-3795
  • Mariano García-Izquierdo Universidad de Murcia
Keywords: psychological capital, employees, organizations, positive psychology


Psychological capital is a higher-order construct comprised by four components (optimism, resilience, hope and self-efficacy) that includes the development of those skills that have a direct impact on the outcome of different organizational variables. The objective of this study is the design of a questionnaire to evaluate psychological capital in the workplace. Two samples of workers belonging to companies of various socio- economic sectors of the Region of Murcia were used (N = 238; N = 338). In order to the the results of the first sample and according to the results of an analysis factor exploratory, a 12-item questionnaire was prepared, three items for each of the facets of psychological capital, which was called OREA (optimism, resilience, hope and self- efficacy). Next, the questionnaire was applied to the second sample and according to the analysis of structural equations, the four-factor model presented very suitable set values (GFI =. 943; CFI =. 936; RMSEA =. 07). It is concluded that the OREA questionnaire presents an empirical structure consistent with the theoretical model, and adequate levels of reliability and validity. 


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Author Biography

María-Magdalena Fernández-Valera, Universidad de Murcia
Investigadora predoctoral en el Departamento de Psiquiatría y Psicología Social. Facultad de Psicología.


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How to Cite
Meseguer-de Pedro, M., Soler-Sánchez, M. I., Fernández-Valera, M.-M., & García-Izquierdo, M. (2017). Evaluation of psychological capital in Spanish workers: design and empirical structure of the OREA questionnaire. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 33(3), 713-721. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.33.3.261741
Social and Organizational Psychology