The neurological study of the conscience: a critical assessment

  • José M. Zumalabe-Makirriain Universidad del País Vasco
Keywords: consciousness, neuroscience, connectionism, neuroimage thecniques, neuronal correlates

Abstract

During the predominance, in the cognitive science, of the classic symbolic-computational paradigm hardly was paid attention to the neurobiological study of the consciousness. With the appearance of the connectionist models which start of a more naturalized and less abiologic conception of the psychology, was taken a radical turn in this subject. Since this current the explanation of the mental phenomenons needs to include references to the biological support because is taken like a computational model the running of the nervous system. After describing the works of the neuroscientist about the neuronal correlates on the consciousness, we analyze since a critical perspective, the limitations and the weaknesses of them refered basically to the conceptual troubles of the connectionism, to the objections to the localizacionism, to the limitations of the cerebral image techniques, to the lack of stablishment of the brain-mind causal relations and to the exclusivist and reductionist pretension of the most part of the investigations.

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Author Biography

José M. Zumalabe-Makirriain, Universidad del País Vasco
Dpto. de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico. Profesor Titular. Facultad de Psicología. Avda. de Tolosa, 70. 20018- San Sebastián- España.

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Published
25-12-2015
How to Cite
Zumalabe-Makirriain, J. M. (2015). The neurological study of the conscience: a critical assessment. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(1), 266-278. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.1.184411
Section
Psychobiology