Psychometric properties of the Academic Perceptions Questionnaire for the assessment of first-year university students´ expectations

  • Manuel Deaño Universidad de Vigo
  • Antonio M. Diniz Universidade de Évora
  • Leandro S. Almeida Universidade do Minho
  • Sonia Alfonso
  • Alexandra R. Costa Instituto Superior Politécnico do Porto
  • Mar García-Señorán Universidad de Vigo
  • Ángeles Conde Universidad de Vigo
  • Alexandra M. Araújo Universidade do Minho
  • Valentín Iglesias-Sarmiento Universidad de Vigo
  • Paula Gonçalves Universidade do Minho
  • Fernando Tellado Universidad de Vigo
Keywords: Academic expectations, higher education, academic adjustment, academic success.

Abstract

This paper aims to test the psychometric validity and reliability of a measure of first-year university students’ expectations, based on a multidimensional conception of expectations. The sample consisted of 759 first-year students, attending various academic degrees at the Universities of Vigo - Ourense and University of Minho. The value Mdn age was 19, with only 5.3% with ages above 23 years. Participants answered a set of 56 items based on seven different dimensions of expectations. Results of confirmatory factor analysis, were carried out with LISREL. Factorial validity, and factors’ convergent and discriminant validity were assured. These results, along with evidences reliability, suggest that the Academic Perceptions Questionnaire presents a final structure composed of seven expectation dimensions, including 42 items: Training for employment/career, Personal and social development, Student mobility, Political and citizenship involvement, Social pressure, Quality of education, and Social interaction. The equivalence of measurement model in the two languages and in two groups randomly derived from the full sample was also verified. The results of this structural validity study support the assessment of the expectations of first-year students in Higher Education with the questionnaire.

 

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Author Biographies

Manuel Deaño, Universidad de Vigo
Catedrático de Universidad. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y Comunicación. Área de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación.
Antonio M. Diniz, Universidade de Évora
Profesor asociado Universidade de Évora
Leandro S. Almeida, Universidade do Minho
Catedrático de Universidad
Sonia Alfonso
Profesora ayudante doctora. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y Comunicación. Área de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación.
Mar García-Señorán, Universidad de Vigo
Profesora Titular de Universidad. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y Comunicación. Área de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación.
Ángeles Conde, Universidad de Vigo
Profesora contratada doctora. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y Comunicación. Área de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación.
Valentín Iglesias-Sarmiento, Universidad de Vigo
Profesor ayudante doctor. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y Comunicación. Área de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación.
Fernando Tellado, Universidad de Vigo
Profesor Titular de Universidad. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y Comunicación. Área de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación.

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Published
25-12-2014
How to Cite
Deaño, M., Diniz, A. M., S. Almeida, L., Alfonso, S., R. Costa, A., García-Señorán, M., Conde, Ángeles, M. Araújo, A., Iglesias-Sarmiento, V., Gonçalves, P., & Tellado, F. (2014). Psychometric properties of the Academic Perceptions Questionnaire for the assessment of first-year university students´ expectations. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 31(1), 280-289. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.1.161641
Section
Psychology and learning in college students

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