Prevalence and predictors of risk behaviors in adolescence: The role of weight status, clinical status and psychosocial dimensions

  • Marta Freitas-Rosa School of Psychology, University of Minho
  • Sónia Gonçalves School of Psychology, University of Minho
  • Henedina Antunes Pediatric, Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Unit of Braga´s Hospital; Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Health Sciences, University of Minho; ICVS/3B’s - PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga/Guimarães
Keywords: Risk behaviors, overweight, adolescence, self-injury, tobacco, alcohol

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of risk behaviors (self-injurious behavior and alcohol/tobacco consumption) among adolescents (n=370) aged 14 to 19 years in three groups: 205 adolescents with normal weight, 82 adolescents from the community with excess weight or obesity, and 83 adolescents with excess weight or obesity and in outpatient treatment for weight control. We also examined the roles of gender, weight, treatment condition, and psychosocial variables (psychopathological symptoms, social support, and emotional skills) in the presence of those risk behaviors. The prevalence of most risk behaviors in the overweight community group and in the overweight clinical group were similar or even lower than their healthy weight peers. Male gender, non-treatment for weight control, higher psychopathology, less ability to regulate emotions, lower family support and higher intimate support predict, at least, one of the three studied risk behaviors. This study discusses the theoretical and practical implications of these findings

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Published
25-12-2014
How to Cite
Freitas-Rosa, M., Gonçalves, S., & Antunes, H. (2014). Prevalence and predictors of risk behaviors in adolescence: The role of weight status, clinical status and psychosocial dimensions. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 31(1), 217-225. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.1.158671
Section
Adolescence and psychology