Executive functions development, from childhood to youthhood

  • Julio Cesar Flores 1 Hospital Psiquiátrico Infantil “Dr. Juan N. Navarro”, SAP-INMEGEN, Institutos Nacionales de Salud-México 2 Posgrado-UNAM (México)
  • Rosa E. Castillo-Preciado 3 Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario del Sur (México)
  • Norma A. Jiménez-Miramonte 3 Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario del Sur (México)
Keywords: Executive functions development, childhood, adolescence

Abstract

The executive functions are among the most complex cognitive processes in the human; during development they support the conformation of several capacities for organization and control of behavior and cognition. In this article an extensive review on the most relevant scientific literature is presented, with a developmental range from childhood to youthhood. An analysis on the developmental characteristics of the main executive functions is offered. The review indicates that the hypothesis stated by Victoria Anderson a decade ago, is accurate: the executive functions develops in a sequential form, with a curvilinear behavior: an intense progression during childhood, with slowness by early adolescence. Effects of additional factors like school level, parenting, and cultural context are also analyzed.

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Author Biography

Julio Cesar Flores, 1 Hospital Psiquiátrico Infantil “Dr. Juan N. Navarro”, SAP-INMEGEN, Institutos Nacionales de Salud-México 2 Posgrado-UNAM (México)

investigador, secretaría de salud, Servicios de Atención Psiquiátrica.

Profesor y tutor de posgrado-facultad de Psicología-UNAM

Published
07-04-2014
How to Cite
Flores, J. C., Castillo-Preciado, R. E., & Jiménez-Miramonte, N. A. (2014). Executive functions development, from childhood to youthhood. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 30(2), 463-473. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.2.155471
Section
Developmental and Educational Psychology