Neuropsychological characterization of memory complaints in the general population: relationship to prefrontal symptoms and perceived stress

  • José M. Ruiz-Sánchez de León Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Madrid Salud (Ayuntamiento de Madrid).
  • Eduardo J. Pedrero-Pérez Madrid Salud (Ayuntamiento de Madrid).
  • Paz Lozoya-Delgado Centro de Tratamiento de la Lesión Cerebral LESCER
Keywords: Memory complaints, memory, metamemory, attention, executive functions, dysexecutive syndrome, perceived stress, coping

Abstract

In recent years, the presence of cognitive complaints in young adults has been related with attentional and executive deficit profiles, although not pathognomonic, which seem to justify the occurrence of everyday errors. This study aims to analyze whether the occurrence of such complaints and their magnitude are associated with a slightly dysexecutive and inattentive neuropsychological profile. On the other hand, we study whether these complaints are also related to increases in perceived stress, so that such increases could function as triggers of complaints. A neuropsychological battery and Memory Failures Everyday, Dysexecutive Questionnaire and Perceived Stress Scale were administered to a sample of 99 nonclinical participants. The results suggest that individuals in the general population who have cognitive complaints show, first, lower attentional, mnemonic and executive ratings and, second, increased prefrontal-type symptoms. It is suggested that this cognitive profile makes them more prone to increase these deficits due to increases in perceived stress, which are perceived as memory impairment without strictly being it.

Author Biographies

José M. Ruiz-Sánchez de León, Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Madrid Salud (Ayuntamiento de Madrid).

Dpto. Psicología Básica II (Procesos Cognitivos). Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

Centro de Prevención del Deterioro Cognitivo. Instituto de Salud Pública. Madrid Salud (Ayuntamiento de Madrid)

Eduardo J. Pedrero-Pérez, Madrid Salud (Ayuntamiento de Madrid).

Centro de Atención a Drogodependientes CAD 4 (San Blas). Instituto de Adicciones. Madrid Salud (Ayuntamiento de Madrid)

Paz Lozoya-Delgado, Centro de Tratamiento de la Lesión Cerebral LESCER

Centro de Tratamiento de la Lesión Cerebral LESCER

Published
08-04-2014
How to Cite
Ruiz-Sánchez de León, J. M., Pedrero-Pérez, E. J., & Lozoya-Delgado, P. (2014). Neuropsychological characterization of memory complaints in the general population: relationship to prefrontal symptoms and perceived stress. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 30(2), 676-683. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.2.147381
Section
Psychobiology