New Perspectives: Towards an Integration of the concept "burnout" and its explanatory models

  • Guadalupe Manzano- García Universidad de la Rioja
  • Juan-Carlos Ayala-Calvo Universidad de la Rioja
Keywords: Burnout, theoretical study, explanatory models


During the last 30 years, as the concept "burnout" has evolved, multiple definitions and models of the concept "burnout" have appeared and been used to account for the phenomenon of the burn out syndrome. However, none of these has tackled the phenomenon from an integrating perspective. Based on the historical evolution of the the concept "burnout" and on the study of the different models that try to account for it, we propose a more global definition of the term together with a more parsimoniuos explanatory model of the burn out syndrome. From our point of view, in a definition of "burnout" we need to highlight the subject's expectations, his/her concept of equity, and the quality of  his/her interpersonal relations. We belive that the burn out syndrome is the result of unfulfilled expectations which leads to demotivation and robot-like behaviour. When explaining the syndrome, we need to consider that the individual owns a set of inputs that  simultaneously undergo a series of personal and working stress factors that interact resulting in an  output that will lead to the appearance of burnout.


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Author Biography

Guadalupe Manzano- García, Universidad de la Rioja

Departamento de Ciencias de la Educación. Titular de Universidad.

How to Cite
Manzano- García, G., & Ayala-Calvo, J.-C. (2013). New Perspectives: Towards an Integration of the concept "burnout" and its explanatory models. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 29(3), 800-809.
Clinical and Health Psychology