Examen de los cambios en el estado psicológico de los militares durante el despliegue de larga duración en la zona militar


  • Oleg Kokun G.S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine (Ucrania)
  • Iryna Pischko Research Centre of Humanitarian Problem of Armed Forces of Ukraine, Kyev (Ucrania)
  • Natalia Lozinska Research Centre of Humanitarian Problem of Armed Forces of Ukraine, Kyev (Ucrania)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.475041
Palabras clave: Militares, Factores estresantes de combate, Despliegue, Estado psicológico, Salud psíquica


Una de las formas más eficaces para prevenir las consecuencias negativas del despliegue en la zona militar para la salud mental de los militares es diagnosticar su estado psicológico. En el presente estudio se determinan las particularidades de los cambios en el estado psicológico de los militares (n = 192) durante el despliegue de seis meses en la zona militar en el este de Ucrania. Los resultados obtenidos confirmaron ambas hipótesis formuladas: en cuanto a la posibilidad de determinar, sobre la base del diagnóstico del estado psicológico, el plazo recomendado para el despliegue de los militares en la línea de demarcación en el este de Ucrania, que es de tres meses. Así como también sobre las posibles diferencias significativas en la dinámica del estado psicológico de los militares que tienen y no tienen experiencia en el despliegue. Asimismo, se argumenta la necesidad de monitorear el estado psicológico de los militares durante el despliegue con el propósito de prevenir oportunamente las consecuencias negativas para su salud mental y para la ejecución exitosa de las tareas de la subunidad militar.


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Cómo citar
Kokun, O., Pischko, I., & Lozinska, N. (2022). Examen de los cambios en el estado psicológico de los militares durante el despliegue de larga duración en la zona militar. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 38(1), 191–200. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.475041