Biología floral y polinizaciób de las malas hierbas Glinus lotoides L. y Glinus oppositifolius (L.) Aug. DC.


  • Maddala Sulakshana Department of Botany, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003, India.
  • Aluri Jacob Solomon Raju Department of Environmental Sciences, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003, India
Palabras clave: Autogamia facultativa, Polinización por insectos, Anemocoria, Ombrohidrocoria, Hidrocoria


Glinus lotoides y G. oppositifolius son hierbas rastreras, esparcidas, anuales. En ambas, las flores son muy pequeñas, actinomorfas, bisexuales, protandradas, herkogamosas y facultativamente autógamas. Ambas especies exhiben antesis sincrónica y flores masivas para atraer a los polinizadores. Las abejas, hormigas, mariposas y trips polinizan las flores. La hercogamia excluye la autogamia espontánea, pero el evento de cierre de la flor facilita esta autogamia. En ambas especies, el fruto es una cápsula con semillas escrotiformes con estrofiolo; anemocoria, ombrohidrocoria e hidrocoria son funcionales. Las semillas germinan inmediatamente si el suelo tiene humedad. Las especies Glinus con fotosíntesis C3, autogamia facultativa y polifilia son capaces de crecer en hábitats secos y húmedos.


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Cómo citar
Sulakshana, M., & Solomon Raju, A. J. (2018). Biología floral y polinizaciób de las malas hierbas Glinus lotoides L. y Glinus oppositifolius (L.) Aug. DC. Anales de Biología, (40), 103–114.