LATERAL SURVIVAL: AN OT ACCOUNT

  • Moira Yip
Keywords: Lateral, Feature Geometry, Variation, Inventories, Feature Co-Occurrence

Abstract

When laterals are the targets of phonological processes, laterality may or may not survive. In a fixed feature geometry, [lateral] should be lost if its superordinate node is eliminated by either the spreading of a neighbouring node, or by coda neutralization. So if [lateral] is under Coronal (Blevins 1994), it should be lost under Place assimilation, and if [lateral] is under Sonorant Voicing (Rice & Avery 1991) it should be lost by rules that spread voicing. Yet in some languages lateral survives such spreading intact. Facts like these argue against a universal attachment of [lateral] under either Coronal or Sonorant Voicing, and in favour of an account in terms of markedness constraints on feature-co-occurrence (Padgett 2000). The core of an OT account is that IFIDENTLAT is ranked above whatever causes neutralization, such as SHARE-F or *CODAF. laterality will survive. If these rankings are reversed, we derive languages in which laterality is lost. The other significant factor is markedness. High-ranked feature co-occurrence constraints like *LATDORSAL can block spreading from affecting laterals at all.

Author Biography

Moira Yip
Department of Phonetics and Linguistics University College London
Published
19-01-2009
How to Cite
Yip, M. (2009). LATERAL SURVIVAL: AN OT ACCOUNT. International Journal of English Studies, 4(2), 25-51. Retrieved from https://revistas.um.es/ijes/article/view/47971