Asociación entre olor y aislamiento social en pacientes con heridas tumorales malignas: estudio piloto

Palabras clave: Enfermería oncológica; Heridas y traumatismos; Aislamiento social; Cuidados paliativos; Enfermería.

Resumen

Objetivo: Analizar las asociaciones entre olores y aislamiento social en pacientes con heridas tumorales malignas.
Material y método: Estudio piloto con corte transversal realizado con nueve pacientes con heridas tumorales malignas atendidas en un hospital universitario en el período de 2014 a 2016. Se recogieron datos por medio de aplicación de escala likert de cinco puntos para evaluación del aislamiento social relacionado con el olor de las heridas tumorales malignas durante las consultas de enfermería. Se analizaron los datos por estrategia estadística inferencial con cálculo de coeficiente de Spearman al nivel de significancia del 5% (α = 0,05).
Resultados: Se constató correlación con significancia estadística entre el olor y las dimensiones psicosociales: constreñimiento y limitación en frecuentar locales públicos.
Conclusión: El olor es el principal síntoma que genera constreñimiento y limita la convivencia social, favoreciendo el aislamiento social y la degradación de la calidad de vida de los pacientes oncológicos.

Biografía del autor

Willian Alves dos Santos
Enfermeiro. Mestre em Ciências do Cuidado em Saúde EEAAC - UFF. Acadêmico de Medicina, Faculdade de Ciências médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro.
Patricia dos Santos Claro Fuly
Enfermeira. Doutora em Enfermagem. Departamento enfermagem médico-cirúrgica. Universidade Federal Fluminense.
Marise Dutra Souto
Doutora em Enfermagem. Coordenadora de Projeto de Desenvolvimento do Instituto Nacional de Câncer (INCA). Brasil.
Mauro Leonardo Salvador Caldeira dos Santos
Enfermeiro. Doutor em Enfermagem. Departamento enfermagem médico-cirúrgica. Universidade Federal Fluminense.
Luiza de Lima Beretta
Enfermeira. Acadêmica de Medicina, Faculdade de Medicina de Petrópolis. Brasil.

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Publicado
18-12-2018
Cómo citar
1.
dos Santos W, Fuly P, Souto M, dos Santos M, Beretta L. Asociación entre olor y aislamiento social en pacientes con heridas tumorales malignas: estudio piloto. eglobal [Internet]. 18dic.2018 [citado 24mar.2019];18(1):19-5. Available from: https://revistas.um.es/eglobal/article/view/eglobal.18.1.322641
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