Identificación del riesgo para el desarrollo de la Diabetes Mellitus en usuarios de Atención Básica de Salud

  • Carla Lidiane Jácome de Lima Universidade Federal da Paraiba
  • Marta Miriam Lopes Costa Universidade Federal da Paraiba
  • Jacira dos Santos Oliveira Universidade Federal da Paraiba
  • Thalys Maynnard Costa Ferreira Universidade Federal da Paraiba
  • Josefa Danielma Lopes Ferreira Universidade Federal da Paraiba
  • João Agnaldo do Nascimento Universidade Federal da Paraiba

Resumen

Objetivo: Identificar el riesgo para el desarrollo de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en los usuarios de la red de atención primaria de salud.
Método: Estudio transversal, descriptivo, con abordaje cuantitativo, constituido por 266 usuarios registrados en unidades de salud de la familia. Se utilizaron dos instrumentos. El primero, cuestionario compuesto por variables sociodemográficas: sexo, edad, estado civil, escolaridad. El segundo, la escala Finnish Diabetes Risk Score. Para el análisis, se utilizó la estadística inferencial, con el cálculo de las razones de prevalencias brutas con intervalo de confianza del 95%.
Resultados: El riesgo bajo se encontró en 43 (16,2%) de los entrevistados y el riesgo muy alto encontrado en 4 (1,5%). La mayoría de los participantes presentaron un riesgo discretamente elevado 83 (31,2%). Se ha observado asociación estadísticamente significativa en las prevalencias de los factores de riesgo: edad aumentada, sobrepeso, obesidad, circunferencia abdominal aumentada, inactividad física, ingesta no habitual de legumbres y frutas, uso de medicación para hipertensión, antecedentes personales de hiperglucemia e historial familiar de diabetes mellitus tipo 2.
Conclusión: El estudio mostró que todos los investigadores presentaron algún riesgo para el desarrollo de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 y que varios factores de riesgo estuvieron presentes en los mismos, así pues, justificar la importancia del rastreo como una acción preventiva.

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Publicado
05-10-2018
Cómo citar
1.
Lima C, Lopes Costa M, Oliveira J, Costa Ferreira T, Lopes Ferreira J, do Nascimento J. Identificación del riesgo para el desarrollo de la Diabetes Mellitus en usuarios de Atención Básica de Salud. eglobal [Internet]. 5oct.2018 [citado 17dic.2018];17(4):97-36. Available from: https://revistas.um.es/eglobal/article/view/eglobal.17.4.307521
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