Las poblaciones vulnerables enfrentando los desafíos durante la pandemia del covid-19: una revisión sistemática


Palabras clave: afrontamiento, COVID-19, pandemia, poblaciones vulnerables


Objetivo: Durante la pandemia, la aplicación del distanciamiento social determina que las poblaciones vulnerables se conviertan en uno de los grupos que experimentan los peores impactos, especialmente niños, mujeres embarazadas y adultos mayores. El propósito de este estudio es analizar los obstáculos que experimentan las poblaciones vulnerables.
Método: Este estudio utiliza un método de búsqueda de literatura en varias bases de datos como CINAHL, Proquest, Wiley, ScienceDirect de 2015-2020.
Resultados: Los resultados de la búsqueda obtuvieron 17 artículos. La revisión crítica que se llevó a cabo siguió las directrices del Programa de Habilidades de Evaluación Crítica (CASP) de Cochrane. Los resultados de este estudio fueron las condiciones pandémicas que ocurren durante un largo período y pueden afectar a poblaciones vulnerables de la sociedad, que consisten en niños, mujeres embarazadas y adultos mayores. Las poblaciones vulnerables tienen varios mecanismos de supervivencia y están significativamente influenciadas por la presencia o ausencia de apoyo social de la familia, la comunidad y el gobierno.
Conclusiones: La importancia del papel del gobierno en prestar atención a la calidad de los servicios especiales de salud para poblaciones vulnerables puede mejorar el bienestar y el estado de salud de estas poblaciones.


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Biografía del autor/a

Lina Anisa Nasution, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Maternity Nursing Department


Pediatric Nursing Department


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Cómo citar
Nasution, L.A. et al. 2021. Las poblaciones vulnerables enfrentando los desafíos durante la pandemia del covid-19: una revisión sistemática . Enfermería Global. 20, 3 (jul. 2021), 601–621. DOI: