Las poblaciones vulnerables enfrentando los desafíos durante la pandemia del covid-19: una revisión sistemática

Autores/as

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.456301
Palabras clave: afrontamiento, COVID-19, pandemia, poblaciones vulnerables

Resumen

Objetivo: Durante la pandemia, la aplicación del distanciamiento social determina que las poblaciones vulnerables se conviertan en uno de los grupos que experimentan los peores impactos, especialmente niños, mujeres embarazadas y adultos mayores. El propósito de este estudio es analizar los obstáculos que experimentan las poblaciones vulnerables.
Método: Este estudio utiliza un método de búsqueda de literatura en varias bases de datos como CINAHL, Proquest, Wiley, ScienceDirect de 2015-2020.
Resultados: Los resultados de la búsqueda obtuvieron 17 artículos. La revisión crítica que se llevó a cabo siguió las directrices del Programa de Habilidades de Evaluación Crítica (CASP) de Cochrane. Los resultados de este estudio fueron las condiciones pandémicas que ocurren durante un largo período y pueden afectar a poblaciones vulnerables de la sociedad, que consisten en niños, mujeres embarazadas y adultos mayores. Las poblaciones vulnerables tienen varios mecanismos de supervivencia y están significativamente influenciadas por la presencia o ausencia de apoyo social de la familia, la comunidad y el gobierno.
Conclusiones: La importancia del papel del gobierno en prestar atención a la calidad de los servicios especiales de salud para poblaciones vulnerables puede mejorar el bienestar y el estado de salud de estas poblaciones.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Biografía del autor/a

Lina Anisa Nasution, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Maternity Nursing Department

Casman, STIKES RS HUSADA

Pediatric Nursing Department

Citas

World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. 2020.

Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan Covid. Peta Sebaran Covid 19 di Indonesia. https://covid19.go.id/peta-sebaran. 2020.

Muhyiddin. Covid-19 , New Normal dan Perencanaan Pembangunan di Indonesia. Indones J Dev Plan. 2020;4(2):240–52.

Takieddine H, Tabbah S Al. Coronavirus pandemic: coping with the psychological outcomes, mental changes and the “New Normal” during and after COVID 19. Open J Depress Anxiety. 2020;(June):7–19.

Haleem A, Javaid M, Vaishya R. Effects of COVID 19 pandemic in daily life. Curr Med Res Pract. Elsevier Ltd; 2020;(April):10–2.

Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Social and economic vulnerable groups during COVID 19 pandemic: A rapid review. Nor Inst Public Heal. 2020;

WHO. Covid-19 Strategy Update. WHO Emergencies. 2020;(April).

Taylor S, Landry CA, Paluszek MM, Fergus TA, Mckay D, Asmundson GJG. COVID stress syndrome : Concept, structure, and correlates. Depress Anxiety. 2020;37:706–14.

Holuka C, Merz MP, Fernandes SB, Charalambous EG, Seal S V, Grova N, et al. The COVID-19 pandemic: Does our early life environment, life trajectory and socioeconomic status determine disease susceptibility and severity? Int J Mol Sci. 2020;21(5094):1–21.

Naga BSHB, Al-atiyyat NMH. The relationship between pain experience and roy adaptation model: Application of theoretical framework. Middle East J Nurs. 2014;8(1):18–23.

Hatami F, Hojjati H. Effect of Roy’s adaptation model on the care burden of mothers of children under chemotherapy (a quasi-experimental study). Med -Surgical Nurs J. 2019;8(1):1–7.

Islam R. Vulnerability and coping strategies of women in disaster : A study on coastal areas of Bangladesh. Arts Fac J. 2011;

Chen T, Laplante DP, Elgbeili G, Brunet A, Simcock G, Kildea S, et al. Coping during pregnancy following exposure to a natural disaster: The QF2011 Queensland Flood Study. J Affect Disord. Elsevier B.V.; 2020;273(March):341–9.

Pradana AA, Casman, Nur’aini. Pengaruh kebijakan social distancing pada wabah COVID-19 terhadap kelompok rentan di Indonesia. J Kebijak Kesehat Indones. 2020;09(02):61–7.

Kazzaz YM, Alkhalaf H, Alharbi M, Shaalan M Al, Almuneef M, Alshehri A, et al. Hospital preparedness and management of pediatric population during COVID-19 outbreak. Ann Thorac Med. 2020;15(3):107–17.

Kaden U. COVID-19 school closure-related changes to the professional life of a K–12 teacher. Educ Sci. 2020;10(165):1–13.

Roca E, Melgar P, Gairal-casado R, Pulido-rodriguez MA. Schools that ‘open doors’ to prevent child abuse in confinement by COVID-19. Sustainability. 2020;12(4685):1–17.

Sullivan M, Bouffet E, Rodriguez-Galindo C, Luna-fineman S, Khan MS, Kearns P, et al. The COVID-19 pandemic: A rapid global response for children with cancer from SIOP, COG, SIOP-E, SIOP-PODC, IPSO, PROS, CCI, and St Jude Global. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2020;(e28409):1–12.

Saccone G, Florio A, Venturella R. Psychological impact of coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnant women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020;293–5.

Saulnier DD, Brolin K. A systematic review of the health effects of prenatal exposure to disaster. Int J Public Health. Springer Basel; 2015;

Chen L. Older adults and COVID-19 pandemic : Resilience matters. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. Elsevier; 2020;89(May):104124.

Polizzi C, Lynn SJ, Perry A. Stress and Coping in the Time of COVID-19 : Pathways to Resilience and Recovery. Clin Neuropsychiatry. 2020;(April).

Sato M, Nakamura Y, F A, Horiguchi R, Tamaki R, Yoshizawa T, et al. Immediate needs and concerns among pregnant women during and after typhoon haiyan (Yolanda). Plos Curr Disaster. 2016;1.

Wu Y, Zhang C, Liu H, Duan C, Li C, Fan J, et al. Perinatal depressive and anxiety symptoms of pregnant women during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak in China. Am J Obstet Gynecol. Elsevier Inc.; 2020;1–9.

World Health Organization. Decade of Healthy Ageing 2020-2030. 2020.

Zhang Q, Song W. The challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic : Approaches for the elderly and those with Alzheimer ’ s disease. Med Community. 2020;1(March):69–73.

Klaiber P, Wen JH, DeLongis A, Sin NL. The Ups and Downs of Daily Life During COVID-19: Age Differences in Affect, Stress, and Positive Events. J Gerontol Soc Am. 2020;

Emerson KG. Coping with being cooped up : Social distancing during COVID-19 among 60 + in the United States. Pan Am J Public Heal. 2020;44:1–7.

Lopez J, Perez-Rojo G, Noriega C, Carretero I, Velasco C, Martinez-Huertas J., et al. PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING AMONG OLDER ADULTS DURING THE COVID-19 OUTBREAK: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE YOUNG-OLD AND THE OLD-OLD ADULTS. Int Psychogeriatrics. 2020;

Baxter LF. A Hitchhiker ’ s Guide to caring for an older person before and during coronavirus-19. Gend Work Organ. 2020;(April):1–11.

Publicado
02-07-2021
Cómo citar
[1]
Nasution, L.A., Pradana, A.A. y Casman 2021. Las poblaciones vulnerables enfrentando los desafíos durante la pandemia del covid-19: una revisión sistemática . Enfermería Global. 20, 3 (jul. 2021), 601–621. DOI:https://doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.456301.
Número
Sección
Revisiones