Atención sanitaria trans* competente, situación actual y retos futuros. Revisión de la literatura

  • Jesús Manuel García-Acosta Enfermero https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9362-6496
  • María Elisa de Castro Peraza
  • María de los Ángeles Arias-Rodríguez (3) PhD. Profesora Universidad de La Laguna. Tenerife. Islas Canarias
  • Rosa Llabrés-Solé (4) Profesora EUE Nª Sª de La Candelaria. Universidad de la Laguna. Servicio Canario de Salud. Tenerife. Islas Canarias
  • Nieves Doria Lorenzo-Rocha (4) Profesora EUE Nª Sª de La Candelaria. Universidad de la Laguna. Servicio Canario de Salud. Tenerife. Islas Canarias
  • Ana María Perdomo-Hernández (4) Profesora EUE Nª Sª de La Candelaria. Universidad de la Laguna. Servicio Canario de Salud. Tenerife. Islas Canarias
Palabras clave: Personas Transgénero, Educación Continua, Educación en Enfermería, Atención Integral de Salud.

Resumen

Introducción: Conocemos como una persona trans* a aquella que no se identifica con el sexo de nacimiento, este hecho aún recogido como patología por el actual manual diagnóstico y estadístico de enfermedades mentales (DSM-V) va a provocar que existan desigualdades y barreras significativas a la hora de la atención sanitaria.
Objetivo: Explorar las dificultades para la asistencia sanitaria percibidas por las personas trans* y por los profesionales que los atienden en centros sanitarios.
Material y método: Revisión de la literatura.
Resultados: Tanto los profesionales como las personas trans* perciben barreras significativas. Se podrían agrupar en diversos temas: desigualdades en la atención sanitaria percibidas por los pacientes trans*, prejuicios y discriminación sentida, riesgos específicos de salud, déficit de conocimientos de los profesionales y déficit de formación en los planes de estudio actuales. Por otro lado, enfermería ante los pacientes trans* puede resultar un facilitador.
Conclusiones: Existen numerosos factores que pueden ser modificables y que provocan que las personas trans* no perciban una asistencia adecuada. La adecuada formación de los profesionales sanitarios es uno de los que adquiere mayor relevancia Los resultados encontrados aportan una información clave para el futuro diseño de intervenciones dirigidas a mejorar la calidad de la asistencia en este colectivo.

Citas

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Publicado
21-09-2019
Cómo citar
[1]
García-Acosta, J.M., de Castro Peraza, M.E., Arias-Rodríguez, M. de los Ángeles, Llabrés-Solé, R., Lorenzo-Rocha, N.D. y Perdomo-Hernández, A.M. 2019. Atención sanitaria trans* competente, situación actual y retos futuros. Revisión de la literatura . Enfermería Global. 18, 4 (sep. 2019), 529-554. DOI:https://doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.18.4.357621.
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