Parejas sexuales de personas que viven con VIH / sida: orientación sexual, aspectos sociodemográficos, clínicos y comportamentales

  • Layze Braz de Oliveira Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto.
  • Artur Acelino Francisco Luz Nunes Queiroz Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
  • Christefany Régia Braz Costa Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
  • Rosilane de Lima Brito Magalhães Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Telma Maria Evangelista de Araújo Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Renata Karina Reis Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Palabras clave: VIH; Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida; Atención al Paciente; Conducta Sexual.

Resumen

Objetivo: Analizar la influencia de la orientación sexual de las variables socio-demográficas, clínicas y de comportamiento entre las parejas sexuales de las personas que viven con el Virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana/Síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida.
Métodos: Estudio transversal realizado en un servicio de asistencia médica especializada en el tratamiento de personas con el Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humana, con 173 participantes. En el análisis de los resultados se utilizó el test Chi-cuadrado de Pearson o exacto de Fisher.
Resultados: Se identificó asociación entre la orientación sexual y las variables: sexo, edad, estado civil, grupo de edad, escolaridad, renta, forma de exposición, tipo de asociación, uso consistente del preservativo, presencia de infección, práctica sexual, presencia del compañero en las consultas de rutina, divulgación del VIH al compañero y considerar importante la divulgación de su condición serológica para el compañero.
Conclusión: Establecer un emparejamiento sexual en el contexto del VIH y tener una orientación no heterosexual presentó diferencias estadísticas entre las variables sociodemográficas y comportamentales.

Biografía del autor/a

Layze Braz de Oliveira, Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto.
Enfermeira,mestre em enfermagem pela Escola de enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto.

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Publicado
17-02-2019
Cómo citar
1.
Braz de Oliveira L, Acelino Francisco Luz Nunes Queiroz A, Régia Braz Costa C, de Lima Brito Magalhães R, Maria Evangelista de Araújo T, Karina Reis R. Parejas sexuales de personas que viven con VIH / sida: orientación sexual, aspectos sociodemográficos, clínicos y comportamentales. eglobal [Internet]. 17feb.2019 [citado 22abr.2019];18(2):25-2. Available from: https://revistas.um.es/eglobal/article/view/322081
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