The immunohistochemical expression of stress-response protein (srp) 60 in human brain tumours: Relationship of srp 60 to the other five srps, proliferating cell nuclear antigen and p53 protein

  • Shinsuke Kato
  • M. Kato
  • A. Hirano
  • M. Takikawa
  • E. Ohama
Keywords: brain tumours, stress-response protein 60, Stress-response proteins (heat-shock proteins), proliferating cell nuclear antigen, p53 protein

Abstract

This study analyzed the expression of stressresponse (heat-shock) protein 60 (srp 60) in a series of 158 human brain tumours. Immunohistochemical procedures were employed; cells of the human cervical cancer line HeLa S3 exposed to hyperosmolar stress served as positive controls. Deposits of reaction products were found in the cytoplasm. Approximately half of the glioblastomas multiforme (17/31), breast carcinoma metastases (6/10), and lung carcinoma metastases (5111) as well as about one-third of the astrocytomas (5113) and meningiomas (8123) had tumour cells that expressed srp 60. A positive reaction for srp 60 was also seen in some medulloblastomas (2/16), primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNETs) (2/11), schwannomas (2121), and pituitary adenomas (2/7), but no positive reactions were observed with oligodendrogliomas and ependymomas. Compared with srp 60-negative tumours, srp 60-positive tumours coexpressed one or more stress-related proteins, among which srp 90, srp 72, srp 27, alphaB-crystallin and ubiquitin occurred with higher frequencies; a high correlation between srp 60 and the other five srps (0.88 - 0.97, pe0.01, Pearson correlation coefficient) was observed in srp 60-positive tumours. In contrast, the correlation coefficient in srp 60-negative tumours was not significant (-0.26 - 0.71). There was a tendency for the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-labeling index to be higher in glioblastomas, astrocytornas, medulloblastomas, PNETs, and breast and lung carcinoma metastases that expressed srp 60 than in those that did not. No significant immunohistochemical reactions of srp 60, PCNA and p53 protein were seen with sections of normal brain tissues. We conclude that primary and metastatic tumours of the brain produce srp 60 and that srp 60 in certain brain tumour cells may coexpress the other five srps. In addition, srp 60 expression might depend, in part, on proliferating potential.
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