Differential expression of laminin isoform (α2), integrins (α3β1 and α6β4) and cytokeratin 20 in H. pylori gastritis
Keywords: laminins chains, Cytokeratin, Helicobacter pylori gastritis, integrins
AbstractThe expression of laminin-l chains (131 and yl), laminin-2 (merosin), integrin receptors to laminin (α3β1 and α6β4) and cytokeratin (CK20) were studied by immunohistochemical methods in gastric biopsies from antrum of 25 patients. H. pylori gastritis was found in 19 cases and intestinal metaplasia (IM) in four from these 19. Another 13 biopsies, all with IM were immunostained to laminin-2. Laminin-l chains in normal and gastritis areas without 1M were expressed as a strong, linear and continuous deposit in the basement membranes of the superficial and glandular epithelium. In metaplastic glands the reactivity to laminin-l chains was decreased. Merosin was discontinuous when a moderate to accentuated H. pylori glandular colonization was present. Samples with IM were negative to laminin- 2. The α3β1 and α6β4 integrins were negative only in IM gastric biopsies. The CK20 immunoreactivity was strong and homogeneous in the cells at the tip and the upper portion of foveolae in normal areas and in gastritis with IM the reactivity to CK 20 was heterogeneous. A differential expression of laminin isoforms is related to inflammation and subsequent IM caused by H, pylori. The alterations of α3β1 and α6β4 parallel both modifications in merosin and CK20 expression in H. py10r.i chronic gastritis.