Ex post-facto study of long-term stress in a sample of adoptees

  • Amelia Díaz Universidad de Valencia. Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamientos Psicológicos Facultad de Psicología. Avd. Blasco Ibáñez, 21 46010- Valencia
  • Eugenia Infanzón Universidad de Valencia. Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamientos Psicológicos. Facultad de Psicología
  • Ángela Beleña Universidad de Valencia. Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamientos Psicológicos. Facultad de Psicología
Keywords: adoption, institutionalization, maltreatment, traumatic revelation


In this work we study the impact of relinquishment and the adoption process in posttraumatic symptoms and stressful life events in a group of 55 adults that were adopted as children after the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). The effects of institutionalization, maltreatment and traumatic revelation of the adopted status have also been studied. No significant differences were found between institutionalized and non-institutionalized adoptees in posttraumatic symptomatology and stressful life events frequency. However, maltreated adoptees scored significantly higher in intrusion, arousal and stressful life events frequency than non-maltreated. Similar differences were found in the comparison between adoptees with and without traumatic revelation; those adoptees who suffered traumatic revelation presented significantly higher intrusion, arousal and stressful life events frequency than those who did not suffer traumatic revelation. Traumatic revelation, alone or in association with maltreatment, seems to play an important role in posttraumatic symptoms in the sample studied.


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Author Biographies

Amelia Díaz, Universidad de Valencia. Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamientos Psicológicos Facultad de Psicología. Avd. Blasco Ibáñez, 21 46010- Valencia
Senior Lecturer
Eugenia Infanzón, Universidad de Valencia. Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamientos Psicológicos. Facultad de Psicología
Associate lecturer
Ángela Beleña, Universidad de Valencia. Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamientos Psicológicos. Facultad de Psicología
Senior lecturer


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How to Cite
Díaz, A., Infanzón, E., & Beleña, Ángela. (2015). Ex post-facto study of long-term stress in a sample of adoptees. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(1), 9-17. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.1.184541
Clinical and Health Psychology