Evaluación de la eficacia de productos botánicos autóctonos frente a estadios larvales de Aedes aegypti y Culex quinquefasciatus


  • Kamilu Fasasi Osun State University, P.M.B. 4494, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
  • Mariam Omotayo Olawoyin
  • Akinlabi Mohammed Rufai
  • Zarat Oyindamola Iwalewa
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018./analesbio.46.01
Palabras clave: Insecticidas botánicos, Control vectorial de larvas, Morinda lucida, Vernonia amygdalina

Agencias de apoyo

  • Nil.


El uso continuado de productos quimicos para eliminar o reducir las poblaciones de mosquitos a un nivel tolerable desarrolla resistencias con el tiempo. Se exploran extractos de plantas como alternativas para mitigar su incidencia en el medio ambiente. El estudio comparó las eficacias larvicidas de cinco productos botánicos autóctonos frente a los estadios larvales de Aedes aegypti y Culex quinquefasciatus. Grupos de treinta larvas de de estadio 1 a 3 de Ae. aegypti y Cx. quinquefasciatus se expusieron a 5, 10 y 15 mg/100 ml de los extractos de los productos botánicos analizándose en laboratorio su actividad larvicida a las 24, 48 y 72 horas. Los extractos de Morinda lucida y Vernonia amygdalina fueron los más efectivos frente a los estadios larvarios 1 a 3 de Ae. aegypti y Cx. quinquefasciatus.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Akinyemi KO, Mendie VE, Smith ST, Oyefolu AO & Coker AO. 2005. Screening of some medicinal plants used in southwest Nigerian traditional medicine for anti-Salmonella typhi activity. Journal of Herbal Pharmacotherapy 5(1): 45-60.

Alexander P. 2016. Phytochemical Screening and Mineral Composition of the leaves of Ocimum gratissimum (Scent leaf). International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology 4(2): 161- 165. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v4i2.15101

Alouani A, Rehimi N & Soltani, N. 2009. Larvicidal Activity of a Neem Tree Extract (Azadirachtin) Against Mosquito Larvae in the Republic of Algeria. Jordan Journal of Biological Science 2(1):15-22.

Arensburger P, Megy K, Waterhouse RM, Abrudan J, Amedeo P, Antelo B, . . . Atkinson PW. 2010. Sequencing of Culex quinquefasciatus establishes a platform for mosquito comparative gemomics. Science 330 (6000): 86-88. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1191864

Benelli G. 2015. Plant-borne ovicides in the fight against mosquito vectors of medical and veterinary importance: a systematic review. Parasitology Research 114: 3201-3212. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-015-4656-z.

Cavalcanti ESB, Morais SM, Ashley ALM, & William PSE. 2004. Larvicidal activity of essential oils from Brazilian plants against Aedes aegypti. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 99(2): 541-544. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074-0 2762004000500015

Chouaibou MS, Chabi J, Bingham GV, Knox TB, N’dri L, Kesse NB, . . . Jamet HVP. 2012. Increase in susceptibility to insecticides with aging of wild Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes from Cote d’Ivoire. BMC Infectious Diseases 12: 214-220. https://doi. org/10.1186/1471-2334-12-214.

Fasasi KA, Awojide SH & Adebisi AT. 2019. Comparative Pesticidal Activities of Essential Oils Extracted from Indigenous Plants Against Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Asian Journal of Scientific Research 12: 502-507. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajsr.2019.502.507

Fasasi KA, Rufai AM, Familoni DH & Adeleke MA. 2020. Socio-Demographic Evaluation of Ownership Levels and Utilization Rates of LLINs against Malaria Vectors within Urban Settlements of Osogbo District, Osun State, Nigeria. Tanzania Journal of Science 46(3): 700- 710.

Govindarajan M & Rajeswary M 2015. Ovicidal and adulticidal potential of leaf and seed extract of Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. (Family: Fabaceae) against Culex quinquefasciatus, Aedes aegypti, and Ano­pheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitology Research 114: 1949-1961. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-015-4384-4

Jaenson TGT, Palsoon K & Borg-Karlson AK. 2006. Evaluation of extracts and oils of mosquito (Diptera Culicidae) repellent plants from Sweden and Guinea-Bissau. Journal of Medical Entomology 1(2):113-119. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/43.1.113

Maheswaran R, Sathish S & Ignacimuthu S. 2008. Larvicidal activity of Leucas aspera (Willd.) against the larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus Say. and Aedes aegypti L. International Journal of Integrative Biology 2(3): 214-217.

Murugan K & Jeyabalan D. 1999. Mosquitocidal effect of certain plants extract on Anopheles stephensi. Current Science 76: 631-633.

Nweze EI, Okafor JI & Njoku O. 2004. Antimicrobial activities of methanolic extracts of Trema guineensis (Schunm and Thorn), Morinda lucida (Benth) used in Nigeria. Journal of Biological Research and Biotechnology 2(1):39-46. https://doi.org/10.4314/br.v2i1.28540

Otabor JI, Rotimi J, Opoggen L, Egbon IN & UYI OO. 2019. Phytochemical constituents and larvicidal efficacy of methanolic extracts of Cymbopogon citratus, Ocimum gratissimum and Vernonia amygdalina against Culex quinquefasciatus larvae. Journal Applied Science and Environmental and Management 23(4): 701-709. https://doi.org/10.4314/jasem.v23i4.20

Powell JR, Kotsakiozi P, Evans BR, Gloria‐Soria A, Kamgang B, Mayanja M, . . . Troco AD. 2018. Population structure of a vector of human diseases: Aedes aegypti in its ancestral range, Africa. Journal of Ecology and Evolution 8(16): 7835-7848. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4278

Promsiri S, Naksathit A, Kruatrachue M & Thavara U. 2006. Evaluation of larvicidal activity of medicinal plant extract to Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) and other effect on a non-target fish. Insect science 13(3): 179-188. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7917.2006.00080.x

Ruikar AD, Pawar PV, Sen A, Phalgune UD, Puranik VG & Deshpande NR. 2012. Larvicidal potential of Mimusops elengi against Aedes aegypti (L) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Say). Journal of Vector Borne Disease 49(2): 111–113.

Sukumaran S & Maheswaran R. 2020. Larvicidal Activity of Elytraria acaulis against Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Arthropod Borne Disease 14(3): 293-301. http://doi.org/10.18502/jad.v14i3.4563

Unachukwu M, Okelue Q, Ozokonkwo O, Okolo S, Onah P & Okafor R. 2016. Larvicidal Efficacy of Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum Extracts on Mosquito Larvae. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences 4(3):713-718.

Vongsombath C, Palsson K, Bjork L, Borg-Karlson AK & Jaenson TG. 2012. Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) repellency field tests of essential oils from plants traditionally used in Loas. Journal of Medical Entomology 49(6): 1398-1404. https://doi.org/10.1603/me12025

World Health Organization. ‎2005‎. Guidelines for labora­tory and field testing of mosquito larvicides. Avai­lable in https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/69101 (Accessed on 22-08-2022)

World Health Organization. 2011. Comprehensive gui­delines for prevention and control of dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever, Jakarta. Available in https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/204894. (Accessed on 22-08-2022).

World Health Organization. ‎2015. World malaria report 2015. World Health Organization. Available in https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/200018 (Accessed on 22-08-2022).

World Health Organization. ‎2017‎. World malaria report 2017. Available in https://who.int/publications/i/item/9789241565523 (Accessed on 18-01-2023).

Young-Su Jang, Moo-Key Kim, Young-Joon Ahn & Hoi-Seon Lee. 2002. Larvicidal activity of Brazilian plant against Aedes aegypti and Culex pipiens pallens (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry 45(3): 131-134.

Cómo citar
Fasasi, K., Olawoyin, M. O., Rufai, A. M., & Iwalewa , Z. O. (2024). Evaluación de la eficacia de productos botánicos autóctonos frente a estadios larvales de Aedes aegypti y Culex quinquefasciatus: . Anales de Biología, (46), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.6018./analesbio.46.01