Calidad de vida y diagnósticos de enfermería de mujeres con AIDS

Herta de Oliveira Alexandre Herta, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz Galvão, Gilmara Holanda da Cunha

Resumen


Objetivo: Evaluar la calidad de vida y los diagnósticos de enfermería de mujeres con sida.


Métodos: Estudio transversal, involucrando a 70 mujeres con sida en seguimiento ambulatorial. Para la recolección de datos, se utilizó el formulario sociodemográfico y clínico y la versión brasileña del instrumento World Health Organization Quality of Life - VIH. Los diagnósticos de enfermería se determinaron de acuerdo con la Taxonomía II de la NANDA-I. Se realizó análisis a través del software Statistical Package for Social Sciences® (SPSS) versión 18.

Resultados: La mayoría de las mujeres tenían entre 18 y 59 años (98,6%), era heterosexual (97,2%) y con carga viral indetectable (54,3%). Presentaron calidad de vida intermedia en todos los campos de la escala y se encontraron 14 diagnósticos de enfermería, destacándose el Patrón de Sexualidad Ineficaz, Miedo y la Ansiedad Relacionada con la Muerte.

Conclusión: Mujeres con sida presentaron calidad de vida intermedia, necesitando de atención de enfermería integral y holística.


Palabras clave


Calidad de vida; VIH; Diagnóstico de enfermería

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.16.4.267571