Calidad de vida de los auxiliares y técnicos de enfermería jubilados en un hospital universitario

Elaine Cristina Tanferri, Julia Trevisan Martins, Maria José Quina Galdino, Renata Perfeito Ribeiro, Maria do Carmo Fernandez Lourenço Haddad, José Carlos Dalmas

Resumen


Objetivo: Analizar la calidad de vida de auxiliares y técnicos de enfermería jubilados en un hospital universitario.
Material y métodos: Estudio transversal realizado con 61 auxiliares y técnicos de enfermería jubilados en un hospital universitario de una universidad pública paranaense. Los datos se recolectaron en el período de enero a mayo de 2014, a través de dos herramientas: una encuesta para caracterización de los entrevistados y el Short-Form Health Survey SF-36 para evaluar la calidad de vida. Los datos se analizaron por estadística descriptiva  e inferencial.
Resultados: El promedio de los valores de los ochos dominios del SF-36 fueron: capacidad funcional: 70; aspectos físicos: 75; dolor: 72; estado general de salud: 62; vitalidad: 65; aspectos sociales: 75; aspectos emocionales: 100; y salud mental: 76. La práctica de actividad física, la presencia de enfermedades crónicas, la jubilación en sí y los años de trabajo se relacionaron, de forma paralela, a los dominios que componen la calidad de vida.
Conclusión: Los auxiliares y técnicos de enfermería jubilados encuestados presentaron una buena percepción de su calidad de vida.


Palabras clave


Calidad de vida; Jubilación; Enfermería; Salud Laboral

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.16.3.256021