Universales Morales: la ciencia de la naturaleza humana y el enfoque de la Ética cognitiva

Enrique Fernando Bocardo Crespo

Resumen


Abstract: Recent trends in Cognitive Ethics have emphasized the conceptual debts with the development of the Science of Human Nature in the late 1600s and early 1700s. The paper deals mainly with two major theoretical approaches in the cognitive revolution, (1) that is possible to offer an explanation of the cognitive mechanisms involved in moral decision processes in terms of abstract principles allegedly embedded in human nature; and (2) that there might be substantive reasons to assume a moral faculty to account for the capacity to issue a potential infinite number of considered moral judgments.

Keywords: Cognitive Ethics, Science of Human Nature, Universal Moral Grammar.

 

Resumen: Investigaciones recientes en la Ética Cognitiva han puesto de manifiesto algunas de la deudas teóricas con el desarrollo de la Ciencia de la Naturaleza Humana a finales del siglo XVII y a comienzos del siglo XVIII. El trabajo trata específicamente sobre dos asunciones teóricas específicas dentro de la revolución cognitiva, (1) que es posible ofrecer una explicación de las mecanismos cognitivos responsables de los procesos de decisión moral en términos de principios abstractos que supuestamente están incorporados en la naturaleza humana, y (2) podría ser razonable suponer que existe una cierta facultad moral humana que podría explicar la capacidad de emitir un número potencialmente infinito de juicios morales considerados.

 


Palabras clave


Ética Cognitiva, Ciencia de la Naturaleza Humana, Gramática Moral Universal.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/daimon/229541

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