Enhance Sport Performance of Elite Athletes: The Mindfulness-Based Interventions

  • Bruno Carraça Faculdade de Motricidade Humana-Universidade de Lisboa
  • Sidonio Serpa FMH-Universidade de Lisboa
  • Joan Palmi Guerrero Institut Nacional d`Educaciò Fisica de Catalunya, INEFC.
  • Antonio Rosado FMH-Universidade de Lisboa

Resumen

The purpose of this review is to summarize the empirical findings on the effectiveness of mindfulness-based programs to enhance elite athletes sport performance.

 A literature research was undertaken using Medline, Psych info, Web of Science, Cochrane, Ebscohost, Isi Web of Knowledge databases and references of retrieved articles. The search included original articles published from 1985 to March 2017. The main search terms were mindfulness programs, sport performance, elite athletes, in different combinations as needed. All articles were coded for their design, type of control, study population, and outcome measures. Search returned 26 articles, and set out 2 main mindfulness-based interventions on the field of elite sport performance. Despite methodological limitations in the research design, the results show MAC and MSPE programs as effective on enhancing elite athlete’s sports performance. To confirm these preliminary results, further research, with improved experimental designs, is recommended. Findings yielded mindfulness programs as an important factor on elite sport performance.

Biografía del autor/a

Bruno Carraça, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana-Universidade de Lisboa
Laboratório de Psicologia do Desporto-Paula Brito
Publicado
15-05-2018
Sección
Psicología del Deporte