Guidelines for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses

María Rubio-Aparicio, Julio Sánchez-Meca, Fulgencio Marín-Martínez, José Antonio López-López


Meta-analysis is an essential methodology that allows researchers to synthesize the scientific evidence available on a given research question. Due to its wide applicability in most applied research fields, it is really important that meta-analyses be written and reported appropriately. In this paper we propose some guidelines to report the results of a meta-analysis in a scientific journal as Annals of Psychology. Concretely, the structure for reporting a meta-analysis following its different stages is detailed. In addition, some recommendations related to the usual tasks when conducting a meta-analysis are provided. A recent meta-analysis focused on the psychological field is used to illustrate the guidelines proposed. Finally, some concluding remarks are presented. 


Meta-analysis; research synthesis; effect size; research quality

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