Five-factor model of personality disorders: Spanish normative data and validation

Joaquín Colodro, Juan J. López-García, Laura Mezquita, Lucía Colodro-Conde, Manuel I. Ibáñez, Silvia Edo, Elena Villa, Generós Ortet

Abstract


The categorical approach of personality disorders (PD) has given way to a dimensional paradigm. Within this, the Five-factor model (FFM) proposes theoretical hypotheses describing personality pathologies and PD empirical prototypes based on the DSM (DSM-PD). Moreover, a methodology to score DSM-PD using the NEO PI-R facets was developed. In this ex post-facto study FFM-PD count norms were developed using data from the NEO PI-R Spanish adaptation. Furthermore, the diagnostic agreement with the IPDE and validity of FFM-PD counts was analyzed in a clinical (n = 222) and non-clinical sample (n = 742). Based on NEO PI-R scores, we presented Spanish FFM-PD normative data. FFM-PD benchmarks were highly likely to be exceeded if subjects were classified as a subclinical case in the DSM-PD. Convergent correlations of FFM-PD counts with their equivalent subclinical cases of DSM-PD were statistically significant and outperformed any divergent correlation as well as the average divergent correlations in all FFM-PD. The use of a count technique based on NEO PI-R facets and Spanish FFM-PD normative data facilitate PD understanding and interpretation in various applied psychology fields.

Keywords


FFM; personality disorder; NEO PI-R; Spanish normative data; construct validity

Full Text:

PDF

References


American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR). Washington, DC: Author.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author.

Bagby, R. M., Costa, P. T., Widiger, T. A., Ryder, A. G., & Marshall, M. (2005). DSM‐IV personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality: A multi-method examination of domain-and facet-level predictions. European Journal of Personality, 19(4), 307-324. doi:10.1002/per.563

Bastiaansen, L., Rossi, G., & De Fruyt, F. (2013). Comparing five sets of five-factor model personality disorder counts in a heterogeneous sample of psychiatric patients. European Journal of Personality, 27(4), 377-388. doi:10.1002/per.1859

Clark, L. A. (2007). Assessment and diagnosis of personality disorder: Perennial issues and an emerging reconceptualization. Annual Review of Psychology, 58, 227-257. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.57.102904.190200

Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (2008). Inventario de Personalidad NEO Revisado (NEO PI-R). Inventario NEO Reducido de Cinco Factores (NEO-FFI). Manual [Revised NEO personality inventory (NEO PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor inventory (NEO FFI). Manual]. (3rd ed.). Madrid: TEA Ediciones.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.34.2.289271

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Servicio de Publicaciones, Universidad de Murcia (Spain)

Open AccessSello de Calidad FECyT 2013ClarivAnaliticsWJ.jpgScielo-Españadoajscimago