Relationship between optimism and athletic performance. Systematic review.

  • Francisco José Ortín Montero University of Murcia
  • Alejandro Martínez Rodríguez University of Alicante
  • Cristina Reche García University Católica of San Antonio, Murcia
  • Enrique Javier Garcés de los Fayos Ruiz University of Murcia
  • Juan González Hernández University of Granada
Keywords: performance, optimism, sports, LOT, systematic review.


Optimism is a moderating psychological factor in sports performance. The aim of this study is to review the current evidence regarding optimism and sports performance. To this end, a systematic review of the literature was conducted, taking in consideration only those that followed PRISMA guidelines (Urrútia & Bonfill, 2013). The following databases were used with the predefined inclusion criteria (optimism and sports performance): PubMed, WOS, Scopus, Psycinfo and SportDiscus. The study was assessed using the Critical Reading and Evaluation of Epidemiological Studies (Berra, Elorza-Ricart, Estrada & Sanchez, 2008). Interrater reliability was verified withCohen’s Kappacoefficient(2 judges). The majority of the studies performed correlational analyses between LOT scale results and athletic performance (n = 7). As a result, a positive correlation was observed between optimism and athletic performance. In general, the quality of the studies was considered average. Future studies should take in consideration the use of additional, higher quality and more rigorous experimental procedures.


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How to Cite
Ortín Montero, F. J., Martínez Rodríguez, A., Reche García, C., Garcés de los Fayos Ruiz, E. J., & González Hernández, J. (2017). Relationship between optimism and athletic performance. Systematic review. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 34(1), 153-161.
Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity