An examination of the relationship between emotional intelligence, positive affect and character strengths and virtues.
The present study had the objective of analysing the relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Positive Affect, VIA's virtues and character strengths. Additionally, it was explored if Emotional Intelligence predicted the virtue's levels of the participants, and if Positive Affect constituted a possible mediator. To that end, different measures were used: 419 undergraduate students completed the Spanish version of the Trait Meta-Mood Scale for emotional intelligence (TMMS, Fernández-Berrocal, Extremera & Ramos, 2004). Character strenghts and virtues were assessed with the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS; Peterson, Park, & Seligman, 2005), and Positive Affect (PA) was measured with the Spanish version of the Positive and Negative Affect (NA) Schedule (PANAS; Sandín et al., 1999). Our results showed a significant positive correlation between all the VIA strengths and virtues with TMMS scales Emotional Clarity and Emotion Repair. Emotional Attention showed significant correlations for all the virtues except Temperance. Further analyses demonstrated that TMMS scales predicted VIA virtues, and Positive Affect appeared as a possible mediator in the prediction of Temperance and Humanity virtues. These results support the relationship between Emotional Intelligence and strength of character, as well as the importance of Positive Affect in this relationship.
Arjoon, S. (2008). Reconciling situational social psychology with virtue ethics. International Journal of Management Reviews. 10(3), 221-243.
Azañedo, C. M., Fernández-Abascal, E. G., & Barraca. J. (2014). Character strengths in Spain: Validation of the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths VIA-IS) in a Spanish sample. Clínica y Salud, 252, 123-130.
Buschor, C., Proyer, R. T., & Ruch, W. (2013). Self-and peer-rated character strengths: How do they relate to satisfaction with life and orientations to happiness?. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 82, 116-127.
Devettere, R. J. (2002). Introduction to virtue ethics: Insights of the ancient Greeks. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
Fernández-Berrocal, P., Ramos, N., & Extremera, N. (2001).
Inteligencia emocional, supresión crónica de pensamientos y ajuste psicológico. Boletín de psicología. 70, 79-95.
Fredrickson, B., L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American Psychologist. 56(3), 218- 226.
Fredrickson, B., L., & Losada, M. F. (2005). Positive Affect and the complex dynamics of human flourishing, American Psychologist. 60(7), 678-686.
Lyubomirsky, S. King, L., Diener, E. (2005). The benefits of frequent Positive Affect: does happiness lead to success?, Psychological Bulletin. 131 (6), 803.
Martínez-Martí, M. L., & Ruch, W. (2014). Character strengths and well-being across the life span: data from a representative sample of German-speaking adults living in Switzerland, Frontiers in Psychology. 5, 1253.
Mirowska, A. (2011). Character at Work: A Virtues Approach to Creativity and Emotion Regulation (PhD Thesis). McMaster University, Ontario.
Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Aldao, A. (2011). Gender and age differences in emotion regulation strategies and their relationship to depressive symptoms, Personality and Individual Differences. 51(6), 704-708.
Park. N., Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). Strengths of character and well-being. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. 2, 603-619, doi: 10.1521/jscp.23.5.603.50748.
Ruch. W., Martínez-Martí, M. L., Proyer, R. T., & Harzer, C. (2014). The character strengths rating form CSRF): development and initial assessment of a 24-Item rating scale to assess character strengths, Personality and Individual Differences. 68, 53-58.
Salanova. M., & López-Zafra, E. (2011). Introducción: Psicología social y psicología positiva, Revista de Psicología Social. 263, 339-343.
Snyder, C. R., Lopez, S. J. (Eds) (2002). The future of positive psychology: A declaration of independence. Handbook of positive psychology. New York, Oxford University Press.
Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegan, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063–1070.
The works published in this journal are subject to the following terms:
1. The Publications Service of the University of Murcia (the publisher) retains the property rights (copyright) of published works, and encourages and enables the reuse of the same under the license specified in paragraph 2.
2. The works are published in the online edition of the journal under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 (legal text). You can copy, use, distribute, transmit and publicly display, provided that: i) you cite the author and the original source of publication (journal, editorial and URL of the work), ii) are not used for commercial purposes, iii ) mentions the existence and specifications of this license.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
3. Conditions of self-archiving. Is allowed and encouraged the authors to disseminate electronically pre-print versions (version before being evaluated and sent to the journal) and / or post-print (version reviewed and accepted for publication) of their works before publication, as it encourages its earliest circulation and diffusion and thus a possible increase in its citation and scope between the academic community. RoMEO Color: Green.