Evaluation of psychological capital in Spanish workers: design and empirical structure of the OREA questionnaire

Mariano Meseguer-de Pedro, Maria Isabel Soler-Sánchez, María-Magdalena Fernández-Valera, Mariano García-Izquierdo


Psychological capital is a higher-order construct comprised by four components (optimism, resilience, hope and self-efficacy) that includes the development of those skills that have a direct impact on the outcome of different organizational variables. The objective of this study is the design of a questionnaire to evaluate psychological capital in the workplace. Two samples of workers belonging to companies of various socio- economic sectors of the Region of Murcia were used (N = 238; N = 338). In order to the the results of the first sample and according to the results of an analysis factor exploratory, a 12-item questionnaire was prepared, three items for each of the facets of psychological capital, which was called OREA (optimism, resilience, hope and self- efficacy). Next, the questionnaire was applied to the second sample and according to the analysis of structural equations, the four-factor model presented very suitable set values (GFI =. 943; CFI =. 936; RMSEA =. 07). It is concluded that the OREA questionnaire presents an empirical structure consistent with the theoretical model, and adequate levels of reliability and validity. 


psychological capital; employees; organizations; positive psychology

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.33.3.261741


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