¿Existe relación entre uso problemático de Internet y las respuestas de ansiedad social, obsesivo-compulsivas y el bienestar psicológico en adolescentes?

Cristina Bernal-Ruiz, Ana Isabel Rosa-Alcázar, Víctor González-Calatayud, Encarnación Rosa-Alcázar

Abstract


ElusoexcesivodeInternetenadolescentesy jóvenesseconsidera relacionadocon problemasintrapersonaleseinterpersonales.Elobjetivode esta investigaciónfueestudiar larelaciónentreelusoproblemático deInternet,bienestar psicológicoy respuestasdeansiedadsocialy obsesivo-compulsivas.Lamuestraestuvo formadapor132varonesy 178mujeresdeedadescomprendidasentre16y 23añosque cursabanBachilleratoy estudiosuniversitarios.Losresultadosindicaronquelaedad influyóenlamayorpartedefactoresdelUsocompulsivodeInternet.Elsexoafectóa losnivelesdelusoproblemáticodeInternetsiendoloschicoslos quemayores puntuacionesalcanzaronenusocompulsivoyconsecuenciasnegativas.Seconfirmó una correlación significativaydirectaentreuso problemático deInternety respuestasde ansiedadsocialy obsesivo-compulsivas.Lospredictoresmásimportantedeluso problemático de Internet fueron el dominio del entorno,la ansiedad social y los síntomasobsesivo-compulsivos.Sepodría concluir,aunqueconcautela,quemientras que losjóvenesconansiedadsocialpodríanbuscar elusode internetcomounmediode interacciónplacentero, losjóvenesconsíntomasobsesivo-compulsivospodríanllegar a un uso excesivo como medio de eliminar la ansiedad compulsiva.

Keywords


Internet; ansiedad social; obsesión-compulsión; bienestar psicológico; adolescentes.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.33.2.265831

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