Older Adult Self Report Construct and Criterion Validity Evidence for the Brazilian Elderly

  • Camila Rosa de Oliveira IMED Psychology School and Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
  • Luis Henrique Paloski IMED Psychology School and Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
  • Marianne Farina Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
  • Valéria Gonzatti Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
  • Adriano Medeiros Cunha Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
  • Manoela Ziebell de Oliveira Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
  • Irani Iracema de Lima Argimon Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
  • Tatiana Quarti Irigaray Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
Keywords: Elderly, Psychopathology, Construct validity, Criterion validity, Cognition

Abstract

In Brazil, the number of validated and recognized scientific instruments for clinical evaluation of elderly persons is limited. The Older Adult Self-Report (OASR) is a psychopathological rating scale for persons with more than 60 years, which evaluates adaptive functioning and psychopathology. The aim of this study was at investigating OASR construct and criterion validity evidence for Brazilian elderly. The sample included 345 individuals, between 60 and 94 years of age, which were recruited by convenience. Participants responded to a questionnaire containing questions about demographic and health information, the Mini Mental State Examination, the Geriatric Depression Scale short version and the OASR. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation and discriminant analysis. The results showed significant associations between the scores of OASR’s subscales, correlating with general cognitive ability and depressive symptoms. Furthermore, OASR was sensitive to identify elderly with significant symptoms of depression. In conclusion, the OASR showed adequate evidence of construct and criterion validity for a sample of Brazilian elderly.

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Author Biographies

Camila Rosa de Oliveira, IMED Psychology School and Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
Postgraduate Program in Psychology
Luis Henrique Paloski, IMED Psychology School and Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
Master in Clinical Psychology
Marianne Farina, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
Master in Clinical Psychology
Manoela Ziebell de Oliveira, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
Postgraduate Program in Psychology
Irani Iracema de Lima Argimon, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
Postgraduate Program in Psychology and Biomedical Gerontology
Tatiana Quarti Irigaray, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
Postgraduate Program in Psychology

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Published
31-03-2017
How to Cite
Oliveira, C. R. de, Paloski, L. H., Farina, M., Gonzatti, V., Cunha, A. M., Oliveira, M. Z. de, Argimon, I. I. de L., & Irigaray, T. Q. (2017). Older Adult Self Report Construct and Criterion Validity Evidence for the Brazilian Elderly. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 33(2), 277-282. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.33.2.236881
Section
Clinical and Health Psychology