A review of the dissociative disorders: from multiple personality disorder to the posttraumatic stress

Modesto J. Romero-López

Abstract


In this paper we review the idea of dissociation, dissociative disorders and their relationship with the processes of consciousness. We will deal specifically with multiple personality disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder. Both polarize the discussion of diagnostic categories with dissociative symptoms. This review compares the initial ideas (one century old) with the current scenario and emerging trends in research, which are relating cognitive processes and dissociative phenomena and disorders from a neuroscientific approach. We discuss the ideas on dissociation, hypnosis and suicide associated with these disorders. There seems to be a lack of consensus as to the nature of dissociation with theoretical, empirical and clinical implications.

Keywords


Dissociative disorders; multiple personality disorder; posttraumatic stress disorder; dissociative phenomena; hypnosis; suicide ideation.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.2.218301

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