Adaptation of an entrepreneurial motivation scale into Spanish.

  • Joan Boada-Grau Universitat Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona), Centre de Recerca d’Avaluació i Mesura de la Conducta (CRAMC), Carretera de Valls, s/n. 43007 Tarragona (España), E-mail:
  • José-Carlos Sánchez-García Universidad de Salamanca (España)
  • Eric Viardot EADA-Business School (Barcelona, España)
  • Maria Boada-Cuerva Universitat Jaume I (Castellón, España)
  • Andreu Vigil-Colet Universitat Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, España)
Keywords: entrepreneurial motivation, scales, validity, employment


This study follows the theoretical framework put forward by Robichaud on entrepreneurial motivation. The objective was to adapt the original French scale of 17 items into Spanish and to analyze its psychometric properties. The participants in the present study were 981 Spanish employees (46.5 % men and 53.5 % women). After carrying out exploratory factor analyses and ESEM (RMSEA = .06; CFI = .95 and TLI = .95), revealed a structure comprised of three factors: Family security (α =.82), Independence and autonomy (α =.83), and Intrinsic motivations (α =.77). These three factors displayed adequate reliability. We also found evidence of validity with regard to a series of external correlates and various scales that have to do with workaholism, irritation and burnout. The present scale may prove useful for adequately identifying entrepreneurial motivation.


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Author Biography

Joan Boada-Grau, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona), Centre de Recerca d’Avaluació i Mesura de la Conducta (CRAMC), Carretera de Valls, s/n. 43007 Tarragona (España), E-mail:
Profesor Titular Universidad


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How to Cite
Boada-Grau, J., Sánchez-García, J.-C., Viardot, E., Boada-Cuerva, M., & Vigil-Colet, A. (2016). Adaptation of an entrepreneurial motivation scale into Spanish. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(2), 571-577.
Social Psychology