Multicomponent cognitive-behavioral therapy for intermittent explosive disorder by videoconferencing: a case study

Jorge Osma, Elena Crespo, Cristian Castellano

Abstract


Cognitive-behavioral Therapy (CBT) for the treatment of Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED) has proved to be effective, with moderate to large effect sizes both in individual and group interventions. Videoconferencing has been used effectively to treat different mental disorders but its use for IED patients is as yet unknown. The aim of this study is to provide preliminary evidence of the possibility of treating IED by videoconference. We present a case-study experiment of a Spanish male, aged 33 years, living and working in China. After the intervention, the patient’s aggressive episodes decreased dramatically, as well as his negative affect. In contrast, he showed an important increment in positive emotions and self-esteem. There were also positive changes in some personality dimensions and facets measured by NEO-PI-R, specifically in neuroticism, extraversion, and agreeableness. The benefits were maintained at 3-, 8- and 18-month follow-ups. These preliminary results reveal that CBT by videoconference oriented to increasing emotion regulation skills was effective when implemented in a case study of a person suffering from IED.


Keywords


Videoconference therapy; cognitive-behavioral therapy; intermittent explosive disorder; emotional regulation; NEO-PI-R; Skype; case-study.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.2.211351

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