Evaluating the Credibility of Statements Given by Persons With Intellectual Disability. [Evaluación de la credibilidad de relatos de personas con discapacidad intelectual]

Autores/as

  • Antonio L. Manzanero Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Alberto Alemany Unidad de atención a víctimas con discapacidad intelectual
  • María Recio Unidad de atención a víctimas con discapacidad intelectual
  • Rocío Vallet Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Javier Aróztegui Universidad Complutense de Madrid
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.1.166571
Palabras clave: Evaluación de credibilidad, discapacidad intelectual, criterios de contenido, testimonio, visualización hiper-dimensional

Resumen

El objetivo del presente trabajo consistió en analizar las características diferenciales de los relatos emitidos por víctimas reales y simuladas con discapacidad intelectual ligera y moderada mediante el procedimiento de análisis de credibilidad de Control de la Realidad (RM). Dos evaluadores entrenados en los procedimientos de análisis de credibilidad mediante criterios de contenido evaluaron 13 relatos verdaderos y 16 relatos falsos. Los resultados encontrados muestran que existen pocas diferencias entre los dos tipos de relatos. Los únicos criterios que resultan significativos para discriminar entre los dos tipos de relatos son la cantidad de detalles y la longitud de las declaraciones espontáneas obtenidas mediante recuerdo libre. Ninguna de las características fenomenológicas examinadas resultó significativa para discriminar entre víctimas reales y simuladas. La representación gráfica mediante visualización hiperdimensional (HDV) considerando conjuntamente todos los criterios muestra una gran heterogeneidad entre relatos. Un análisis de conglomerados permitió clasificar los dos tipos de relatos con una probabilidad de acierto del 68.75  por ciento.

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Biografía del autor/a

Antonio L. Manzanero, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Profesor Titular de Universidad. Dpto. Psicología Básica I. Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

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Publicado
25-12-2014
Cómo citar
Manzanero, A. L., Alemany, A., Recio, M., Vallet, R., & Aróztegui, J. (2014). Evaluating the Credibility of Statements Given by Persons With Intellectual Disability. [Evaluación de la credibilidad de relatos de personas con discapacidad intelectual]. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 31(1), 338–344. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.1.166571
Número
Sección
Psicología básica

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