Cooperative Learning and Academic Achievement: Why Does Groupwork Work?

  • Robert E. Slavin Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore (USA) University of York (England)
Keywords: Cooperative learning, achievement, cooperation, motivation, development


Cooperative learning refers to instructional methods in which students work in small groups to help each other learn. Four major theoretical perspectives on achievement effects of cooperative learning are reviewed: Motivational, social cohesion, developmental, and cognitive elaboration. Evidence from practical classroom research primarily supports the motivational perspective, which emphasizes the use of group goals and individual accountability for group success. However, there are conditions under which methods derived from all four theoretical perspectives contribute to achievement gain. This chapter reconciles these perspectives in a unified theory of cooperative learning effects.


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How to Cite
Slavin, R. E. (2014). Cooperative Learning and Academic Achievement: Why Does Groupwork Work?. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 30(3), 785-791.
Special Theme: Cooperative Learning