Consequences of adolescent’s evening preference on psychological functioning: a review.

  • Juan F. Díaz-Morales Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Cristina Escribano Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Keywords: Evening preference, school achievement, adolescence, social jet-lag, synchrony effect, time-of-day

Abstract

This review provides an overview of the role of circadian preference in psychological functioning of adolescents taking into account their shift to eveningness during this stage of life. After a brief explanation about morningness/eveningness and other terms related, an overview of the changes that occur on three of the most important areas in the adolescent’s life is presented: school performance, personality styles, and health. Consequences of evening preference on school achievement are considered from the analysis of the relevance of sleep debt and time-of-day in cognition and mood aspects. In general, students who are able to choose activity times coinciding with their preferred times may have a greater opportunity to optimize their performance. The personality styles and health of morning and evening types are also important factors related to school and family adaptation. At last, some recommendations and conclusions in order to promote a healthy psychological functioning are described.

Author Biography

Juan F. Díaz-Morales, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Profesor de Psicología en la UCM
Published
12-08-2014
How to Cite
Díaz-Morales, J. F., & Escribano, C. (2014). Consequences of adolescent’s evening preference on psychological functioning: a review. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 30(3), 1096-1104. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.3.167941
Section
Adolescence and psychology

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